Spine Surgery News

The Importance of Pre-Habilitation

If you’ve scheduled your spine surgery, you are likely anxious and unsure of what to expect. You are probably wondering how long it will take you to recover and what exactly is involved in the recovery process. If this is how you’re feeling and you’d like to increase your chances of a healthy recovery, pre-rehabilitation can do wonders for you.

Pre-habilitation is defined as the educational and physical preparation that is intended to improve recovery following a surgery. If you have an upcoming surgery, pre-habilitation can help you mentally prepare for your procedure, reduce any inflammation or pain, restore your range of motion, and answer any questions or concerns you may have.

Benefits of Pre-Habilitation

Research has proven that patients who participate in pre-habilitation are able to return to their day to day activities and sports quicker and easier than those who do not. In addition, they experience less pain and have fewer complications during the surgery. By making pre-rehab a priority, you’ll become stronger and more flexible so that your body is stronger and more flexible when it’s time for you to recover from your operation.

What Does Pre-Habilitation Entail?

If your doctor has recommend a pre-habilitation program and you choose to participate in it, you can expect to engage in an exercise routine which will likely begin with a warm up such as stretching or light jogging. After the warm up, you will move on to some cardio like running or sprinting, strength training with weights and resistance bands, and flexibility exercises like yoga. You may also practice functional tasks like going up and down the stairs or sitting down and standing up. Additionally, you may familiarize yourself with how to use a walker, crutches, and other walking aids.

In addition to the exercise aspect of pre-rehabilitation, there is an education component which will inform you of what to expect after your surgery. You’ll gain a thorough understanding of when you can return to work and participate in certain activities like walking and driving. Pre-rehab education will give you the opportunity to set realistic goals and plan for your life post-surgery.

Call Pacific Spine Specialists for a Custom Pre-Habilitation Plan

If you are undergoing a spine-related surgery and believe you would benefit from pre-habilitation, we encourage you to call us at 503-885-9391 to schedule an appointment. With our pre-habilitation services, you’ll receive the exercise and education you need to maximize your strength and mobility so that you can return to your regular lifestyle as soon as possible once your surgery has been completed.

What You Need To Know About Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (XLIF)

Lateral lumbar interbody fusion, or XLIF for short, is a minimally invasive procedure that is commonly used to relieve symptoms associated with degenerative disc disease, such as leg or back pain. Performed through an incision in the patient’s side, this procedure offers many benefits, such as avoiding the major muscles of the back, which means an easier recovery for many.

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Spinal Fusion

The benefits of approaching the spinal fusion from your side instead of from your front or back are significant and include:

  • Reduced time for the operation
  • Fewer recovery days
  • Minimal scarring
  • Less blood loss
  • Less postoperative pain
  • Quicker return to your daily activities
  • Minimal muscle and ligament tampering
  • No disruption to abdominal muscles

When Can XLIF Be Used?

A lateral lumbar interbody fusion can be used to treat a variety of conditions. Your spine expert may recommend a minimally invasive spinal fusion if you are suffering from one of the conditions below:

  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Thoracic disc herniation
  • Scoliosis caused by degeneration
  • Deformities
  • Lumbar disc herniation
  • Low-grade spondylolisthesis

Although an XLIF is a wonderful option when a minimally invasive spinal fusion is necessary, this outpatient procedure is not recommended for spinal issues such as:

  • High-grade spondylolisthesis
  • When a fusion is needed on a low-riding L4 or L5
  • When a fusion is needed too close to pelvic region and therefore inaccessible from the side
  • For deformities that cause rotation difficulties

Before recommending a lateral lumbar interbody fusion, your spine expert may first opt to try noninvasive treatment methods. If noninvasive treatment methods do not provide relief, your spine expert may administer extensive testing to determine if you are a candidate for XLIF.

Recovery from XLIF

Recovery from minimally invasive procedures is usually quicker and easier than recovery from more invasive procedures. However, as with any kind of surgery, minimally invasive spinal fusion or not, recovery time varies among individuals. Factors such as your general health before the surgery, as well as your willingness to follow postoperative instructions to the letter, aid in determining recovery time. For the most part, however, you can expect to:

  • Get up and walk immediately following the procedure
  • Feel some minor pain due to the operation
  • Notice a high level of pain relief from the affected area almost immediately

Thanks to the nature of minimally invasive spinal fusions, you should be able to notice right away that the lateral lumbar interbody fusion was successful.

Learn More

If you are suffering from back or spine pain, we invite you to learn more about Pacific Spine Specialists. Dr. Keenen is an orthopedic spine surgeon who specializes in minimally invasive surgical procedures. Take advantage of our free MRI review and request an appointment today.

Taking A Swing at Golf After Spine Surgery


Are you are missing the smell of the perfectly manicured green and the feel of the club in your hand? If you have recently undergone spine surgery, most likely the only golf dates you have been getting are with the television. However, don’t feel discouraged. Getting back to playing golf after spine surgery is quite possible for most individuals.

As you can imagine, the term “spine surgery” covers a wide range of operations. Although both types of spine surgery, a Cervical Posterior Laminotomy, for example, is very different from a Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (XLIF). Therefore, the type of spine surgery plays a role in the rehab following. The condition that your surgery corrects, the extent of the damage, and the severity of the procedure all play a role in determining how long you need to fully recover, which determines when you can return to your golf game. You must be fully recovered before you can pick up your driver or crouch over your putter.

Getting Back Into The Game

Numerous studies from reliable sources, such as the National Institutes of Health, suggest that most people who played golf before being injured can return to the sport, given sufficient time to recover. How much time you need in your spine surgery rehab is the million dollar question. Unfortunately, there is no cut and dry answer. Many factors must be taken into account, such as the following:

  • Your fitness level prior to spine surgery: If you were in excellent physical shape prior to surgery, chances are you will have a easy recovery
  • Your fitness level post spine surgery: If you have been able to recover well and regain your strength, you may be back to playing golf in no time.
  • The procedure itself: Factors such as severity and type of surgery play a role in determining if and when you will be back in the game. Minimally invasive surgeries usually allow for quicker and easier recoveries, while extensive surgeries may take longer to recover from.
  • How much pain you feel day-to-day: Hopefully after spine surgery your level of pain will be greatly reduced if not eliminated. However, pain can defer you from picking back up the clubs.
  • How aggressively you pursue your back surgery rehab: The key is to follow the instructions from your spine surgeon to a key. If you do all the exercises and build up your muscles, chances are you can return to form.

Many of the top spine surgeons in the country agree that most people can return to playing golf after spine surgery. Whether you are one of those depends on the variables above, such as the spine surgery itself and the differences in healing potential from person to person. In general, the younger you are, the better your chances of playing golf after spine surgery.

The Science Behind Golf After Spine Surgery

One particular study examined a small sample of golfers who had lower back surgery. The average time for those who returned to playing golf was eight months. The study went on to find that while a majority of the golfers who had surgery were able to return to a similar level of play after their procedure, some chose not to play again. Reasons not to return to play were due to factors such as pain, loss of interest, or finances. These patients spanned age and gender differences, but were significantly influenced by the procedure they had done.

Seek the Help of an Expert

Working with a spine expert, such as Dr. Timothy Keenen of Pacific Spine Specialists, who specializes in minimally invasive procedures can help have you back in the game in no time. Learn more about conditions he treats and surgeries he performs. A skilled surgeon such as Dr. Timothy Keenen may be the key to returning to the fairway. Schedule your complimentary MRI review today.

Bracing For Spine Surgery: How Back Braces Aid in Recovery

After undergoing spine surgery, your surgeon may recommend a back brace to aid in your healing process. A brace is used to provide support to your back and/or neck, depending upon your surgical procedure. Wearing a brace may sound like an ugly inconvenience (and uncomfortable at that!), but you may be surprised at the comfort it brings while performing everyday tasks, such as driving.

Why Might a Back Brace be Recommended?

Your spine specialist may recommend a back brace for many reasons. The main functions of a back brace are as follows:

  • Speed your recovery
  • Immobilize your spine during healing
  • Stabilize weak or affected areas
  • Minimize pain by restricting movement

Following spine surgery, you may find yourself needing added support while you heal and regain strength, which is where the back brace comes into play. Even though it may not seem useful at times, wearing your back brace as recommended by your spine specialist can help ensure you are back to your old self in no time.

Types of Back Braces

Much like people, back braces come in all shapes and sizes. Additionally they can be made with both hard and soft constructions. Below you will find examples of a type of brace that may be recommended for each area of the spine.

  1. Your neck (cervical): Following neck or spine surgery, your surgeon may recommend a neck brace known as a cervical collar. Cervical collars come in both hard and soft versions, though many patients find the soft version far more comfortable. Hard cervical collars are generally used for more serious cases. If you have questions regarding which brace is right for you, speak with your spine specialist.
  2. Your upper back (thoracic): Recommended for thoracic support, specially after a spinal fusion surgery, the Thoracic-Lumbar-Sacral Orthosis (TSLO) is a stiff brace employing a clamshell design. It uses a low-weight, high-strength plastic in a two-piece configuration. Because of its stiff design, padding is included to add extra comfort. This brace helps to eliminate excessive movement, therefore providing additional mechanical spine stabilization. Following a spinal fusion surgery, you may need to wear this brace for several months.
    Your lower back (lumbar): Following surgery on your lumbar spine, it may be recommended you wear a Soft
  3. Lumbar Corset. The primary function of the soft lumbar corset is to provide muscle support to your lower back. This brace is commonly used after lumbar spinal surgeries to provide the support necessary for the muscles to recover. For the first six weeks, your spine specialist may recommend that you wear the corset if you’ll be out of bed for longer than 15 minutes. The corset serves as a constant reminder to minimize your back motion while you heal. It also encourages proper body posture.

If you have questions regarding the use of back braces after spine surgery, talk to you spine specialist today.

Contact Pacific Spine Specialists

Spine specialist, Dr. Keenen of Pacific Spine Specialists is an expert in all matters of the spine and is available to answer any questions you may have. If spine surgery is in your future, you will benefit from Dr. Keenen’s knowledge, skill, and passion. Schedule a complimentary MRI review or schedule an appointment today!

Tips for Avoiding Spine Injuries on the Slope


No matter if you are an avid skier or a pro at the bunny slopes, Oregon is a superior ski destination. Oregon offers many great ski resorts and there is no better time than the present to hit the slopes. However, a serious fall or injury to the spine could keep you off the slopes indefinitely. That is why regardless of your skill level, it is important to know how to avoid spine injuries while skiing.

Spine Injuries While Skiing

Although injuries to the lower body, such as ankles and knees, are more common during skiing, a serious fall could result in a spine injury. A fall could cause the spine to twist unnaturally, causing great damage and putting stress on the soft tissue that supports the spine. Therefore, knowing how to prevent a fall is key.

4 Tips For Avoiding Falls

Below are a few helpful tips:

  1. Strengthen Your Core: Strong core muscles help to support the body and take pressure off of the back. Skiing takes great athletic ability so begin conditioning early. Focus on your core muscles, your hips, and your hamstrings. Tight muscles in the hips and hamstrings can put more strain on the lower back, making the chances of injury greater.
  2. Don’t Skip The Warm Up: When you are excited to hit the slopes you may decide to forgo your warm up routine. However, this is not advised since cold muscles are more likely to be injured. Stretching and light cardio are both important so be sure to make proper time for your warm up.
    Stick To What You Are Comfortable With: If you are not an advanced skier, opt out of skiing the black diamond. Start small and work your way up. You are more likely to get injured when taking risks. As tempting as it may be to join your friends on the most challenging slope, make sure you are well prepared before taking the leap.
  3. Learn Proper Techniques: Despite your skill level, at times falls are inevitable. For this reason, it is important to learn the proper technique for handling falls. In the event of a fall while skiing, bend your knees and arms and tuck in your head. This position aids in preventing strain to the neck, back, and spine.

Signs of a Spine Injury

If a fall occurs while skiing, keep an eye out for the symptoms below. They could indicate a spine injury. If you fear you are suffering from a spine injury, even if no symptoms are present, seek medical attention immediately. In some cases, symptoms such as numbness may develop over time.

Symptoms to be aware of include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Muscle spasms or exaggerated reflexes
  • Intense stinging sensation
  • Difficulty coughing or clearing lungs
  • Loss of sensation, such as not being able to distinguish when the area is touched and not being able to feel heat and cold when applied to the area.
  • Inability or loss of movement and mobility
  • Inability to control bowels or bladder

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, don’t wait to seek help. A series of tests will be performed to determine the neurological level and severity of your injury.

Contact Pacific Spine Specialists Today

If you have experienced a spine injury, seek treatment from Pacific Spine Specialists. Dr. Keenen is an expert in treating conditions of the spine. Using conservation measures and minimally invasive treatments when possible, Dr. Keeven will work to have you back on the slopes in no time. Contact us today to schedule a complementary MRI review.

6 Tips for Spine Surgery Recovery

Spine surgery procedures can range from non-invasive surgery to highly in-depth surgical procedures that require extensive recovery time. Regardless of how complicated your spine procedure, it is best to know what to expect when it comes to your surgery recovery.

The best way to prepare for recovery is by talking to your spine surgeon ahead of time, so you and your caregiver can prepare prior to surgery. Below you will find six tips for spine surgery recovery, however, it is best to consult your doctor on the following:

  • When it’s appropriate to use certain aids
  • How often to use them
  • How long you should continue using them
  • When you should ask for help

Six tips for spine surgery recovery are as follows:

1. Prevent Constipation
Unfortunately, constipation is a common complaint during spine surgery recovery. Whether it is a result of the surgery itself or from the medicines you’re taking. Eating healthy is important, including plenty of water.

Narcotic pain medication are a significant cause of constipation after surgery, and talking to your surgeon or his physician assistant is best for a preoperative plan. Laxatives with sena and docusate tend to work the best. Fiber products are the least effective against narcotic induced constipation. There is a newer medication, Movantik, that works well, but oftentimes requires insurance pre approval for use.

2. Manage Your Pain
When undergoing spine surgery, it is common to need a pain medication to help with pain during recovery. If you need a prescription filled, it may be possible to have it filled ahead of time so that it is available for you when you arrive home. At times, you may only need acetaminophen or another over-the-counter pain reliever. However, you do need to have it available and close at hand during your spine surgery recovery. It is recommended to stay ahead of the pain, so follow the instructions provided by your surgeon.

3. Wound Care
It is very important to take care of your incision during your spine surgery recovery. To avoid infection, be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter. You may have dissolving stitches and a simple covering, but since it can be difficult to see the incision, make sure your caregiver has been provided the instructions as well and knows who to call in case of complications.

4. Rest and Recovery
After spine surgery, rest and sleep is key. Although you may find it difficult to sleep comfortably, sleep should be high on your priority list. Sleep helps your body heal, so it’s essential to have several aids on hand such as extra pillows and/or a body pillow. Also, it is wise to keep blankets, water and anything else you may require to get comfortable within arm’s reach, especially if you’re not supposed to be moving around too much.

5. Ice and Heat
Ice and heat are both recommended ways to aid in recovery from spine surgery. Prior to surgery, be sure to have Ice packs and heating pads on standby. Your spine surgeon may have specific instructions on how to apply ice and heat to reduce inflammation and/or to encourage mobility. Others may instruct you to do whatever feels best to you at the time. In general, cold aids in the prevention of swelling while heat helps pain relief and encourages healing.

6. Walk It Out
You may be surprised how quickly you are encouraged to be up and walking following spinal surgery. Although spine surgery recovery may include a lot of bed rest for healing, walking every hour for 5 minutes during the day keeps your blood moving and limits the chance of a leg blood clot. Ensure that you have the necessary walkers or canes that you’ll need to get out of bed safely. Additionally, clear your hallways and walking areas of loose rugs that could cause tripping hazards and make sure your pets are out of your way.

The best way to proceed with your recovery is to discuss what to expect ahead of time with both your spine surgeon and your caregiver.

Let Pacific Spine Specialists Help!

If you have made the decision to undergo spine surgery, Pacific Spine Specialists can help. Our expert spine surgeon, Dr. Keenen, specializes in minimally invasive techniques that aid in reducing spine surgery recovery times. Learn more or schedule a free MRI review today.

Treatment Options For Herniated Discs

Treatment Options For Herniated Discs

If you are experiencing pain in your back and lower extremity caused by a herniated disc in your back, relief can be found. The term “herniated disc” is a medical phrase that is often used interchangeably with other terms, such as ruptured disc, bulging disc, pinched nerve, slipped disc sciatica,or disc disease. No matter the term, a damaged disc can cause back and extremity pain that can make everyday tasks daunting. Treatment for a herniated disc can range from simple lifestyle changes to more invasive measures, such as microdiscectomy.

Diagnosing A Herniated Disc

The first step in determining a treatment for your herniated disc is to find the cause of the pain. An effective treatment plan requires an accurate diagnosis. That is why spine expert Dr. Keenen of Pacific Spine Specialists you will complete a thorough physical exam as well as a series of diagnostic tests when warranted. The tests will aid Dr. Keenen in making a diagnosis and developing a treatment plan. Recommended tests may include:

  • A detailed interview with a pain drawing
  • Complete review of medical history including previous treatments
  • A detailed physical exam assessing sensation, reflexes, muscle strength, and range of motion
  • Diagnostic tests such as an MRI, CT scan or x-ray
  • Review of previous injections, if any

Nonsurgical Treatments For a Herniated Disc

The best course of treatment is determined by first considering your clinical situation. Once your spine expert determines the cause of your pain, a nonsurgical treatment may be recommended. Nonsurgical treatment options may include one or a combination of the following:

  • Physical therapy
  • Chiropractic Treatment
  • Acupuncture
  • Pain medicationss/li>
  • Injections: cortisone / PRP / stem cell

Surgery for a Herniated Disc

Before surgery is recommended, your spine expert will first take into account the amount of pain you’re experiencing, how much disability is occurring as a result of that pain, and how long you’ve had the symptoms. A non surgical plan is sought, but less commonly the pain is severe or the disc herniation is causing weakness, then urgent surgery could be advised.

Where the rupture is located and the size of your spinal canal are other important factors considered with determining if surgery is needed. A very small spinal canal can lead to a pinched nerve even when the bulge is minor, whereas a sizable rupture can cause very little pain in a large spinal canal.

The goal of spine surgery is to remove the part of the disc that’s pressing on your nerves. Often times this can be achieved through a minimally invasive surgical procedure called a discectomy. In the past 10 years, minimally invasive spinal surgery has improved so much that your spine surgeon can perform the surgery with a relatively small incision and much less soft tissue damage than previous surgical techniques. Due to these advances in minimally invasive surgery, at times surgery is a more viable and economical treatment option versus years of paying for non-invasive treatments, such as physical therapy.

Herniated Disc Recovery

If minimally invasive surgery is performed to repair a herniated disc, chances are you’ll be able to go home the same day of the spine surgery. With sufficient rest, and a recovery plan that includes daily walking, you can be back to a much less painful life in as little as a few weeks time.

Visit Pacific Spine Specialists for Herniated Disc Relief

If you are suffering from a herniated disc, take advantage of Pacific Spine Specialists complimentary MRI review. Our highly skilled spine expert, Dr. Keenen, will work with you to eliminate your pain using the most minimally invasive procedures. Schedule an appointment today.

Say Yes to Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Each new year brings new advancements in the area of spine surgery. In fact, at Pacific Spine Specialists, our expert surgeon, Dr. Keenen, specializes in minimally invasive techniques. This means that the scary surgery you have been dreading has just gotten a whole lot less intimidating.

Pacific Spine Specialists Offers Minimally Invasive Procedures

Pacific Spine Specialists is proud to offer minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Minimally invasive surgery provides an ideal alternative to the invasive surgical treatments of the past, including the extensive recovery that spine surgery previously required. Today, with the use of small incisions and advanced technology, surgeons are able to use techniques that allow for quicker recovery.

Minimally invasive surgery is the treatment of choice whenever possible. And the good news for patients is that techniques keep improving. Dr. Keenen specializes in minimally invasive procedures and makes it his personal goal to avoid extensive spine surgery when possible. Dr. Keenen offers:

Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery

If you are a candidate for minimally invasive spine surgery, you may reap the following benefits:

  • Less blood loss
  • Less, if any, time spent in the hospital
  • Quicker recovery time
  • Decreased stress on your body
  • Reduced risks of damage
  • Access for patients previously unable to undergo back surgery
  • Reduced costs

Minimally Invasive Surgical Techniques

Some of the latest minimally invasive surgical techniques can be performed as outpatient procedures, meaning you may be able to go home on the same day the procedure is performed. This is due to minimally invasive spine surgery techniques being much less invasive than traditional back and spine surgeries.

For example, Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (XLIF), which is a procedure used to alleviate symptoms of degenerative disc disease, is performed through an incision in the patient’s side to avoid major muscles in the back. Through the use of a microscope, the instrumentation placement is guided with the use of a fluoroscopy machine, which is a special x-ray. Additionally, a low radiation dose protocol is used which is safer than standard techniques.

Advancements in Endoscopic Procedures

Dr. Keenen at Pacific Spine Specialists stays abreast of the technological advancements in minimally invasive spine surgery techniques. Over the past 10 years, astounding accomplishments have been achieved in the area of endoscopic procedures.

A few examples include:

  • Spinal fusion procedures that need one-half to one-inch-long incisions
  • Percutaneous insertion of clamps, rods and screws through small incisions
  • Damaged disc removal from small incisions
  • Intraoperative X-ray imaging for precise computer-guided placement of hardware into the spine with no extra cuts
  • Microscopes inserted into the tiny incisions to provide an excellent view of your nerves

Say Yes to Pacific Spine Specialists

If you are ready for a year of no pain, look no further than Pacific Spine Specialists. Dr. Keenen specializes in Minimally Invasive Surgery which leaves the strong muscle fiber intact with the spine. Dr. Keenen has studied with national experts on minimally invasive techniques and advocates the use whenever possible. However, only a consultation regarding your specific case will be able to reveal whether endoscopy is appropriate for you, so contact us today.

Spine and Back Surgery Options: What You Need To Know

It is no secret that remaining active on a regular basis is good for your overall health. In fact, the medical community at large promotes an active lifestyle. However, if you are suffering from a back or spine injury, getting up and getting active may be a painful task. Furthermore, everyday activities such as walking, standing, or even sleeping can cause discomfort.

Treatments for Back and Spine Pain

It has been estimated that nearly 80 percent of Americans will feel some form of back pain during their lifetimes. Although back pain can be common, at times it can be predictive of more serious back or spine injuries. If you suffered an injury while performing an activity, such as playing sports or snow skiing, the treatment options below are a great first step in eliminating pain. These options include:

  • Massage and stretching
  • Heat, ice, compression and elevation
  • Over-the-counter anti-inflammatories
  • A period of rest
  • Physical therapy

If your back or spine injury does not show improvements with the treatment options above, your doctor may need to treat your pain or injury with a procedure that is a little more involved, yet remains non-invasive. These procedures allow you to very quickly return to your lifestyle. Some of the less invasive treatments for injuries to your back and spine may include:

  • Back brace
  • Epidural steroid injection
  • Trigger point injection
  • Nerve block
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery

Spine and Back Surgery Options

At times, your doctor may recommend surgery to repair an injury or to fix a repetitive motion problem in your back. If surgery is recommended, you’ll be in good hands at Pacific Spine Specialists. Spine Surgeon Dr. Keenen uses the latest surgical techniques and specializes in minimally invasive techniques. Dr. Keenen will go over all spine and back surgery options in depth and provide you with the knowledge needed to make an informed decision. Chances are, with Dr. Keenen’s help, you’ll be back on the slopes or playing your favorite sport with the same vigor you always had.
If you have been diagnosed with a back or spine issue such as herniated disc or spondylolisthesis, the good news is that it can be treated. Often times following surgery you are approved to return to your activities in anywhere from four to 12 weeks. A few surgical treatments for back and spine injuries include:

Don’t prolong treatment for back and spine pain any longer. Start 2017 off with a pain free, new you.

Learn More

If you are ready for a pain free start to 2017, look no further than Pacific Spine Specialists. Board certified surgeon, Dr. Keenen, is knowledgeable, qualified, and comes highly recommended. Dr. Keenen offers many back surgery options to treat a number of back and spine conditions. Learn more about Pacific Spine Specialists or schedule a complimentary MRI review by calling 503-885-9391.

Spinal Fusion Surgery: Are You A Good Candidate?

Spinal fusion surgery is a type of spine surgery that is undergone to prevent movement between vertebrae that are rubbing against each other and causing you pain. During the procedure, the vertebrae are fused together, eliminating any movement between them. Following the spinal fusion procedure, your pain should be permanently eliminated. While the Dr. Keenen, spinal surgeon at Pacific Spine Specialists, prefers minimally invasive treatment options prior to recommending surgery, spinal fusion surgery can lead to a long-term pain resolution for the right candidate.

The Approach to a Spinal Fusion Procedure

While there are a number of approaches your spine surgeon can take to provide relief, most spinal fusion procedures involve:

  • Bone grafts applied to the affected area of the spine
  • Setting up the right biological responses between the vertebrae to initiate and support the graft taking hold
  • The actual spinal fusion to stop the movement in the painful joint

When is a Spinal Fusion Procedure Recommended?

Spinal fusion surgery comes highly recommended to treat people with:

Are You a Good Candidate for a Spinal Fusion Procedure?

Your physician will determine whether spinal fusion is right for you based on a number of factors that they will discuss with you. Ideally, the procedure works best when there are only two affected vertebrae requiring the graft, called a one-level fusion. With a one-level fusion, you may not notice any limitations in your movement following the procedure.

Spinal fusion on two levels may feel slightly restrictive, depending on the location of the afflicted vertebrae. Once you go beyond two levels, though, you’ll definitely notice a marked reduction in movement. Lack of movement often results in more pain, which is why the expert surgeon at Pacific Spine Specialists seldom perform the procedure on three or more levels. Typically, spinal fusion of three or more levels is reserved for those with the most severe spinal handicaps, such as extensive scoliosis or life-threatening deformities.

Spinal fusion works best on people who do not smoke, are not obese and live a relatively healthy lifestyle. As with any surgery, a positive attitude goes a long way. Additionally, you must be motivated to pursue the physical therapy that’s going to be required following your spinal fusion surgery. You’ll work with an experienced physical therapist whose goal it is to get you back to your regular daily functions as quickly as possible.

Learn More About Pacific Spine Surgical Options

If you are considering Spinal Fusion Surgery, when you choose Pacific Spine Specialists you stand a very good chance of being relieved of your back pain permanently. Spinal fusions almost always lead to pain-free living with little or no residual complications. Learn more about Dr. Keenen and request a free MRI review today.